INNOVAZIONE DI PRODOTTO E DI PROCESSO NELLA FILIERA LATTE
Progetto MIBAF - MISURA 124 PIF - Resp. sc. Carlo COSENTINO
ABSTRACT - The occurrence of late blowing defects in cheese produces negative effects on the quality and commercial value of the product. In this work, we verified whether the addition of raw jenny milk to bulk cow milk reduced the late blowing defects in semihard cheeses. During cheesemaking, different aliquots of jenny milk were poured into 2 groups of 4 vats, each containing a fixed amount of cow milk. A group of cheeses was created by deliberately contaminating the 4 vats with approximately 3 log10 cfu/mL milk of Clostridium tyrobutyricum CLST01. The other 4 vats, which were not contaminated, were used for a second group of cheeses. After 120 d of ripening, some physical, chemical, and microbiological parameters were evaluated on the obtained semihard cheeses. Differences in sensory properties among cheeses belonging to the uncontaminated group were evaluated by 80 regular consumers of cheese. Our results showed that the increasing addition of jenny milk to cow milk led to a reduction of pH and total bacterial count in both cheese groups, as well as C. tyrobutyricum spores that either grew naturally or artificially inoculated. We observed a progressive reduction of the occurrence of late blowing defects in cheese as consequence of the increasing addition of jenny milk during cheese making. Moreover, the addition of jenny milk did not affect the acceptability of the product, as consumers found no difference among cheeses concerning sensorial aspects. In conclusion, the important antimicrobial activity of lysozyme contained in jenny milk has been confirmed in the current research. It is recommend for use as a possible and viable alternative to egg lysozyme for controlling late blowing defects in cheese.
Key words: cheese late blowing, jenny milk, lysozyme, Clostridium tyrobutyricum.
C. Cosentino, R. Paolino, V. Valentini, M. Musto, A. Ricciardi, F. Adduci, C. D’Adamo, G. Pecora, and P. Freschi (2015). Effect of jenny milk addition on the inhibition of late blowing in semihard cheese. J. Dairy Sci. 98(8):5133-5142; DOI10. 10.3168/JDS.2015-9458