Abstract - Thermal treatments are used to improve milk microbial safety, shelf life, and biological activity of some its components. However, thermal treatments can reduce the nutritional quality of milk, affecting the molecular structure of milk proteins, such as lysozyme, which is a very important milk component due to its antimicrobial effect against gram-positive bacteria. Jenny milk is characterized by high lysozyme content. For this reason, in the last few years, it has been used as an antimicrobial additive in dairy products in alternative to hen egg white lysozyme which can cause allergic reactions. This study aims to investigate the effect of pasteurization and condensation on the concentration and antimicrobial activity of lysozyme in jenny milk. Furthermore, lysozyme quantity and activity were tested in raw and pasteurized milk after condensation at 40 and 20% of the initial volume. Reversed-phase HPLC was performed under fluorescence detection to monitor lysozyme in milk samples. The antimicrobial activity of the tested milk was evaluated against Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus mojavensis, Clavibacter michiganensis, Clostridium tyrobutyricum, Xanthomonas campestris, and Escherichia coli. Condensation and pasteurization did not affect the concentration or antimicrobial activity of lysozyme in jenny milk, except for B. mojaventis, which showed resistance to lysozyme in milk samples subjected to heat treatments. Moreover, lysozyme in jenny milk showed antimicrobial activity similar to synthetic antibiotics versus some gram-positive strains and also versus the gram-negative strain X. campestris.
Key words: condensation, pasteurization, lysozyme, antimicrobial activity, jenny milk.
Cosentino C., Labella C., Elshafie H. S., Camele I., Musto M., Paolino R., D'Adamo C., Freschi P. 2016. Effects of different heat treatments on lysozyme quantity and antimicrobial activity of jenny milk. Journal of Dairy Science, 99:5173-5179.http://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(16)30223-5/abstract